The match shall be held in a 7.2 m X 7.2 m boxing ring surrounded by 4-level
Each fighter shall wear regulation gloves provided by the promoter, a
protective cup and a mouthpiece. Use of leg pads, shin guards, and kneepads
is prohibited. Contact lenses are also prohibited. Gloves sizes for each
weight class are as follows:
Matches shall be held in the following manner.
Each match consists of three (3) minutes X five (5) rounds or three (3)
minutes X three (3) rounds.
When a fighter is
down, and the three (3) minute time is up while referee is still counting,
the following shall apply:
(a) For all rounds except the final round, the timekeeper signals the
end of the round. However, the referee continues to count, and if the counts
exceed ten (10) counts, the downed fighter will be considered knocked out.
(b) For all final rounds, the timekeeper shall signal the end of the
round and the match is completed even if the "Down" count is not completed.
(ie. Fighters may be saved by the bell only in the final round.)
(c) The final round in this case is defined as the round prior to the
decision in the event that the winner is to be determined by decision.
Therefore, an extra round may be considered as the final round.
Awarding of points shall be based on the following elements:
effective and accurate attack is recognized, and damage is inflicted on the
opponent by authorized fighting techniques. Each match consists of three (3)
minutes X five (5) rounds or three (3) minutes X three (3) rounds.
Points will be
awarded in this priority:
(1) Number of downs
(2) Extent of damage inflicted on the opponent
(3) Number of clean hits
(4) Degree of aggressiveness (points in the offensive)
The dominant fighter shall be awarded a score of ten (10), and points
shall be deducted from his opponent.
CATEGORY OF OUTCOME
Applicable when there is no knockout, technical knockout, or
disqualification to decide the winner. Three (3) judges shall award points
to each fighter, and the fighter with the higher point total at the end of
final round from two (2) out of three (3) judges shall be declared the
(a) Applicable when the winner is not determined by a decision of the
judges as in Article 5-1.
(b) Applicable when both fighters go down at the same time and
neither rises to his feet before or at the call of count nine (9).
(a) Applicable when a fighter does not stand up before the call of
count ten (10). Or when a referee decides the fighter cannot stand up within
the call of count ten (10).
(b) Applicable when a fighter is judged to have lost his will to
continue to fight, even though he has stood up within the call of count ten
(10), and/or when a fighter is judged to be incapable of continuing the
(c) Applicable when a fighter goes down three (3) times in a round
(or two (2) times in a tournament fight except in the final match).
(a) Applicable when the referee judges that it is impossible to
continue the match due to an accidental injury (of neither fighter's fault)
to a fighter. Such decisions shall be made in accordance with Article12.
(b) Applicable when a corner man throws a towel into the ring during
the course of a match. In the event that the referee does not notice the
towel being thrown in, the official observer is authorized to announce the
end of match.
(c) Referee Stop: Applicable when the referee judges that one fighter
is overwhelmingly superior to his opponent and the inferior fighter is in a
physically perilous condition.
(d) Doctor Stop: Applicable when the official physician judges that
it is impossible to continue the match due to an injury or severe damage to
a fighter. If a fighter is down and has sustained severe damage, the
official physician has the option to stop the match, accordingly to the
NO CONTEST (NULL and
(a) Applicable when both fighters are found to be guilty of a rule(s)
violation, match fixing, or collusion.
(b) Applicable when both fighters fail to fight in good faith (a
spiritless fight) after repeated cautions and warnings by the referee, and
when the referee declares disqualification of both fighters.
(c) Applicable when both fighters are judged as not being able to
continue the match due to an accidental injury of neither fighter's fault in
a one-match fight, where the fight is not justified. Article 12
sub-article3‡@ shall be observed.
EXTRA ROUNDS (tournament fights only)
Extra rounds shall
be held in tournament fights to decide the winner in case the match is
judged as a draw in accordance with Article5-2.
When a winner is not
decided after three (3) 3-minute rounds (five (5) rounds in some cases), one
(1) extra 3-minute round shall be held. The result of this extra round shall
be an independent judgement that does not take the first three (3) rounds
(or first five (5) rounds in some cases) into account.
When the result of the
extra round [the fourth (4th) round, or sixth (6th) round] is a draw, a
final extra 3-minute round shall be held. If the result of this final extra
round is also a draw, the judgement shall be conducted based on the flow of
the entire match as a whole from round one (1), and a winner shall be
decided by considering even the slightest difference.
AUTHORIZED FIGHTING TECHNIQUES
fighting techniques are authorized.
Punches : Straight punches, hooks, uppers, and backspin blows.
Kicks : Front kicks, low kicks, middle kicks, high kicks, side kicks, back
kicks, inner thigh kicks, jumping kicks, and knee kicks.
restrictions apply to the use of the backspin blow.
(a) The authorized area of contact for the backspin blow shall be the
area of the glove where it bends at the wrist and beyond to the tip of the
(b) If an area other than the authorized area of contact hits and
injures the opponent by accident, Article 12, sub-article 3 shall apply.
A fighter who executes a foul technique shall be penalized with a caution,
warning, or a point reduction. Two (2) cautions shall lead to one (1)
warning for the first two (2) cautions; however, a warning shall be given
for any cautions thereafter. Two (2) warnings shall lead to a point
reduction, and three (3) point reductions in one (1) round shall be grounds
for disqualification. This clause shall not apply in cases where the judges
rule that the foul technique as unintentional.
A fighter shall be disqualified when:
intentionally uses a foul technique.
A fighter fails to
follow the referee's instructions during a match.
A fighter is late for
a match or does not show up at all.
A fighter exhibits
ill-mannered behavior or a malicious attitude during a match.
The referee determines
that a fighter does not have the will to fight.
When a fighter
receives three (3) point reductions within one (1) round, counting two (2)
warnings as one (1) point reduction.
The official physician
deems a fighter unfit to fight as a result of a medical check.
A corner man has
entered in the ring or touched one of the fighters during the match.
A fighter is found to
have broken other rules.
In accordance with Article 5‡C(d), where a fighter is overwhelmingly
superior to his opponent, the referee has the option to stop the fight and
declare a victory for the superior fighter before the end of the match.
(a) The following are defined as fouls:
Using the head to
deliver a blow.
Using the elbow.
Attacking the opponent
in the groin (attacks to the groin with knee kicks or hand techniques shall
be considered as low-blows and will be ruled as fouls).
Using techniques from
wrestling or judo such as throwing or submission techniques.
Thumbing, choking or
biting on the opponent.
Attacking the opponent
while he is down or in the process of getting up.
Attacking the opponent
while the referee is intervening to separate the fighters.
Grabbing the ropes for
any reason including the launching of an attack or for defensive purposes.
Using offensive or
Attacking the back of
the head with a punch (the side of the head and the area around the ears are
not considered as the back of the head and are valid target areas).
Attempting to cause
the opponent to fall out of the ring.
the ring during the course of a match.
(b) A point reduction may be given immediately to a fighter if the
judges find that a foul technique was inflicted with malicious intent.
(c) A caution shall be given to a fighter who repeatedly charges
inside the opponent's arms, with his head held low (ie. to avoid attack).
This shall be considered as inducing a head-butt. In case that either of the
fighters gets cut from a head-butt and is bleeding, the fighter who has
caused the other to get cut shall receive a one (1) point reduction, even if
the head-butt was not intentional. However, if the referee finds the
head-butt to have been intentional, a reduction of two (2) points shall be
given. If both fighters get cut and are bleeding, a one (1) point reduction
shall be given to each fighter.
(d) A point reduction of may be given to a fighter who repeatedly
uses holds and clinches that are not accompanied by attacks, and are judged
as being defensive/passive in nature (ie. to avoid attack). Grasping and
holding the opponent immediately after launching an attack (ie. to avoid a
counter-attack) may also result in a point reduction.
(e) A caution or point reduction may be given to a fighter who is
judged as being passive and who simply waits for the opportunity to launch a
(f) Continuously holding the kicking leg of an opponent is judged as
a foul. However, a single attack, while holding the leg is authorized.
Continuous attack while holding a leg is a foul. If a fighter does not take
any action while holding the kicking leg, the referee shall call a break.
Holding the kicking leg and using a throwing technique is also a foul.
If a fighter is injured, the judges and the official physician shall confer
to decide whether the fight shall continue or not. The official physician
shall not give any treatment to the injured area during the course of the
If a fighter is injured and it is impossible to continue the match, the
match shall be treated in the following manner:
If the cause of injury is a rule violation (by the opponent), the referee
shall give the injured fighter a rest period to check his condition. If the
fighter does not recover and the match cannot be resumed, the fighter who
has violated the rules shall be the loser (disqualification of the
violator). A fighter who is disqualified for a rule violation shall not be
entitled to advance in a tournament even if the opponent is not in a
condition to continue the match.
***Note: an injury caused by low-blow will considered as an accident,
whether intentional or unintentional.***
If the cause of the injury is carelessness of the injured fighter
himself and the match cannot be resumed, the fighter who has injured himself
shall be declared the loser (disqualification of the injured).
If the cause of the injury is accidental and at neither fighter's fault, it
must first be determined whether or not the match is justified.
5-round matches: The match is justified at the end of the second (2nd)
3-round matches: The match is justified at the end of the first (1st) round.
If the match is not
justified, the following shall apply:
(a) Tournament fights: The fighter who remains in a condition to
continue fighting shall be declared the winner.
(b) One-match fights: The match shall be considered as "No Contest"
If the match is justified, the following shall apply: The points shall be
awarded for the completed rounds, and the fighter with more points shall be
declared the winner. In case a fighter is injured after the third (3rd)
round (second (2nd) round in tournament fight), the points shall be awarded
until the actual time of the round when the fighter was injured.
(a) Tournament fights: The fighter who remains in a condition to
continue fighting shall be considered as the winner.
(b) One-match fights: The match shall be considered as a Draw.
In a tournament, if the fighter with higher points is not in a condition to
continue in the tournament, the opponent will be entitled to proceed in the
No fighter, coach, trainer and/or manager is allowed to raise an objection
to calls or decisions made by the referee or the judges. However, official
written protests to the Rule Committee are accepted within two (2) weeks of
the date of the match.
The definition of a
DOWN is when any area of fighter's body besides the bottom of the foot has
touched the ground due to a damaging attack(s).
Even in some cases
where there has been no damage it may be considered as a "DOWN" when a
fighter falls to the ground and cannot stand up immediately.
Even without falling
to the ground, a (standing) DOWN may be announced when it is obvious that a
fighter has sustained damage, and the referee has determined that the
fighter would be in a dangerous situation if the attack were to continue.
The "DOWN" count will
be preceded by a "DOWN" call and gesture by the referee. Following the
"DOWN" call, the MC shall announce the count down in accordance with the
count of each second from the official timekeeper's stopwatch. The referee
shall be the sole person with authority to call a "DOWN."
The fighter who has
downed his opponent shall wait at a neutral corner during the "DOWN" count
by the referee until further instructions are given.
If the fighter does not follow the referee's instruction to wait at a
neutral corner, the referee may stop his count, and continue the countdown
only after the fighter has moved to a neutral corner.
A fighter is allowed to have the total of three (3) corner men, including
one (1) chief corner man and two (2) corner men, standing by at ringside.
All three (3) corner men must remain within the designated corner area
during the rounds. Only the chief corner man may give instructions to the
fighter during the rounds. Corner men may not place their hands on the
ropes, ring apron, or on any part of the ring area during the rounds. Only
one (1) corner man is allowed to enter into the ring during intervals. No
corner man is allowed to enter into the ring or touch the fighters during
the rounds. Article 9-8 shall be observed. Corner men may not place any item
(such as towels etc...) in the area around the corner post of the ring. When
the referee calls "SECONDS OUT", corner men must leave the ring immediately.
Judges shall give a caution to any corner man who does not abide by the
instructions listed above. A yellow card shall be given for a second caution
and every caution thereafter. A red card shall automatically be given for a
third yellow card, and the corner man who was given the instruction shall be
required to leave the venue.
All fighters must be properly dressed in clean and tidy clothes when they
enter the ring for the occasions such as opening ceremony. The three (3)
corner men are obligated to wear a unified team wear with the fighter.
Combination of clothes such as "jeans and T-shirts" shall not be allowed.
T-shirts, however, may be worn if they are "team" T-shirts. Fighters are
free to select their fighting costume, provided that Article 2, 17 and 19
USE OF TAPE AND BANDAGES
Fighters may not wear any material other than tape and bandages on their
knuckles and on other part of the hands. Fighters must use the tape and
bandages supplied by the promoter, and may not use tape and bandages that
they themselves bring to the match for the taping of the hands. Tape and
bandages must be applied to the fighter AFTER the promoter supplies them and
not before this point. Any tape or bandages worn to the venue by a fighter
shall not be approved. Tape and bandages that the promoter provides are for
use on the hands only, and no tape for other areas for reasons such as an
injury shall be provided. Fighters must supply such taping materials
individually for themselves. Tape used on such areas must also be checked
and signed by the judges.
RESTRICTION ON TAPE USE
Fighters may use a minimal amount of tape on their knuckles in order to
protect the hands. Fighters may not insert any object inside the tape or
bandage. The definition of "minimal" is the extent that the judges will
approve a tape job during the bandage checking procedures.
The use of protectors made of rubber, plastic, or other material is not
allowed for any reason including the protection of an injury. White tape and
elastic tape may be used for taping of injured areas; however such dressings
must be checked by the official physician and judges and must be signed by
the judges. All tape and/or bandages without an official signature to prove
that they were checked must be removed. No tape may be applied to a fighter
once the match is started.
All fighters must submit to a glove check before they are put on. After the
glove check an official seal or signature will be placed on the tape which
seals the gloves. Once checked, the gloves may not be taken off until the
end of the match. If there is any evidence that the gloves have been removed
or tampered with (ie. if the official seal is broken) the fighter must
undergo another glove check.
If the mouthpiece comes out of a fighter's mouth during a match, the referee
shall, in principle, retrieve it and hand it to the corner men after the end
of the round.
In order to establish the prestige and unilateral fairness of K-1, all
fighters are obligated to submit to a doping upon the promoter's request.
Testing positive for doping will result in penalties to include the
confiscation of title and prize money.
All fighters must submit to a medical check by the official physician before
competing. In a tournament, a fighter who has won a match is obligated to go
through subsequent medical checks in order to proceed to his next match.
REGARDING THE TREATMENT OF INJURED FIGHTERS
Official physicians shall not apply any treatment to fighters during
matches. Article 11 shall be observed. No one including a corner man is
permitted to apply treatment to an injured area during the match. This
includes the application of tape to an injury during intervals between the
rounds. Article 19 shall be observed.
WHEN A FIGHTER FALLS OUT OF THE RING
When a fighter falls out of the ring, the time count shall be stopped, and a
doctor shall check the fighter. During this time, the judges shall confer to
discover the cause(s) of the fall.
(a) When judged as a DOWN by an authorized technique:
If the fighter is able to continue the match:
It shall be counted as "1 DOWN", and the match shall continue from the time
If the fighter is not able to continue the match:
The match shall be ruled a Technical Knock Out (TKO) by doctor stoppage.
(b) When the fighter is judged as not having been downed:
If the fighter is able to continue the match:
The match shall be continued from the time stopped.
If the fighter is not able to continue the match: The cause of the injury
shall be considered accidental and of neither fighter's fault, and Article
12 sub-article 3 shall be observed.
USE OF OIL AND VASELINE
Minimal use of Vaseline to the facial area is allowed. No other substance
shall be applied. The term minimal in this case means the amount that the
Rule Committee permits. A fighter with an excessive amount of oil/Vaseline
to the face and/or body shall not be allowed to compete. In such cases, the
excessive oil/Vaseline shall be removed.
Any issues or circumstances not specifically provided for in these Official
Rules shall be resolved by a consensus among the referee and the judges.
K-1 MMA RULES